Preventative measures can be divided into

  • Primary prevention
  • Secondary prevention


Primary prevention: These are measures that prevent the infection and respectively the outbreak of the clinical manifestation.

Upon first contact with newly diagnosed but not yet treated leprosy patients, MDT treatment should be initiated as quickly as possible. Leprosy patients then do not represent a danger to contact people since the chain of infection is interrupted.

Contact with leprosy patients that have not been treated yet should be avoided for the following persons:

  • Undernourished

  •  Malnourished

  •  Persons who are in a state of reduced physical condition

  •  Tuberculosis patients

  •  Cancer patients

  •  Immunocompromised persons

  •  Persons in a state of poor hygienic condition



Schuhwerkstatt für Leprakranke in Indien
A shoe workshop for leprosy patients in India

Secondary Prevention: This term is used to describe all measures – particularly concerning eyes, hands and feet - protecting leprosy patients from progressive deformation – which would prevent impending invalidity. Special shoes for leprosy patients suffering from anaesthesia of the feet should be made with great care. Daily self-regulation and appropriate feet care protect patients from ulceration and subsequent mutilation.